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Gynecomastia: Symptoms and its Treatment

Gynecomastia: Symptoms and its Treatment

The illness known as gynecomastia, which affects individuals who are male, is characterised by the development and extension of breast tissue. It can occur momentarily in babies and affects at least 50% of teenage boys throughout puberty; however, in two years, seventy-five percent of these cases resolve on their own. Gynecomastia is another common side effect of steroid usage. The body produces higher quantities of oestrogen when androgen levels are high. This suggests that while traditionally male qualities like larger muscles and more strength may be encouraged, feminine traits like breasts may also emerge.

Gynecomastia’s Public Perception

The primary side effect of gynecomastia is how other people see you. The main concern in gynecomastia, apart from minor discomfort or sensitivity, is appearance. Within the bodybuilding world, physical appearance is highly esteemed. This is particularly valid for bodybuilding contests. As a result, gynecomastia is talked about in a derogatory manner. A common term for gynecomastia is “moobs,” which is a combination of “man boobs,” “bitch tits,” or just “gyno.” Gynecomastia is said to be the worst nightmare of bodybuilders.

Gynecomastia Symptoms

In men, a shift in the body’s androgen-to-estrogen ratio leads to gynecomastia. The most obvious feature is the stiff or rubbery tissue that protrudes from the areola/nipple in the chest. Growth can occur on one or both sides, and it can cause a great deal of stress and anxiety. A significant increase in the diameter or asymmetry of the tissues in the chest may also be a sign of gynecomastia. Now and again, an uninformed bystander might confuse gynecomastia for breast cancer. Gynecomastia is unsightly and uncomfortable, yet it’s benign.


As was previously mentioned, increased oestrogen is the cause of gynecomastia. Extended use of steroids can easily lead to this in bodybuilders and sportsmen. Anti-estrogen and/or aromatase inhibitor medications are used by steroid users to avoid gynecomastia and other side effects. The negative effects of using medications such as Clomid, Nolvadex, and Femera can be minimised, as can the body’s production of estrogenic substances. Since several of these medications were developed to treat breast cancer, they are ideal for reducing or halting the growth of breast tissue.

Alternatives to Therapy

The mainstay of gynecomastia therapy is the use of anti-oestrogen medications, such as aromatase inhibitors and SERMs (Selective Oestrogen Receptor Modulators), to regulate and control the body’s oestrogen levels and receptor efficiency. Although the FDA has not officially approved any of these drug classes to treat gynecomastia, they can both help to decrease or reverse the condition’s symptoms. Sometimes there is no medication or dietary modification that may be used to treat gynecomastia. In some situations, medical intervention—including surgery—may need to be considered.


One of the most popular medications for treating gynecomastia is letrozole. An oral aromatase inhibitor is called letrozole. It binds directly to the enzyme that catalyses the formation of oestrogen, blocking androgen conversion by at least 98%. On rare occasions, letrozole might result in fatigue, sweating, hot flashes, and joint pain. Letrozole is marketed under several names, including Femara, Letroxyl, and Balkan Letrozole.


Astrozole, often known as Arimidex, is a non-steroidal aromatase inhibitor. It is almost the same as letrozole and is usually used as the first line of treatment. Arimidex has been around for a little while longer than Letrozole since it is a little older. Anecdotal evidence indicates that anastrozole users have increased muscular aches and pains, which may cause them to change medications.

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